Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research
1996 Edition


PATTERNS AND DETERMINANTS OF TECHNOLOGICAL SCANNING: AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION OF MANUFACTURING SMBs

Pierre-André JULIEN, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières
Louis RAYMOND, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières
Réal JACOB, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières
Charles RAMANGALAHY, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières


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Introduction
Analysis of Literature
The Research Methodology
Description of Results
Conclusions
References


ABSTRACT

This paper describes the results of a mail survey on the technological scanning practices of 324 small and medium-sized manufacturing businesses. A cluster analysis revealed that the scanning practices of the sampled firms were not homogeneous, but could be grouped into four separate categories, according to the intensity and emphasis given to the activities. The results of an analysis using the PLS method indicate that the main explanatory factors of scanning in sampled firms were strategy, amount of technology owned, the scope and size of R&D activities, level of education of managers, the perceived uncertainty and urbulence within the environment, the presence of information networks and management involvement in these networks.

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