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TABLE 3
Comparison of Primary Motivational Influences
 
 

Motivational Influence  Hungaria n  Current  Hungaria n  (1996)  Hungaria n  (1990)  Irish  (1988) U.S.  (1995)
Economic Necessity  40%  44%    4%   
Independence 12%  8%    13%  32%  24% 
Achievement  16% 21%   30%  
Opportunity  11% 7%    8% 37%
Job Satisfaction  14%  11%   22% 8%
Career Security 3%  1%  2%    
Wealth  4% 6%  17%   2%  9%
Social Status  .6%  0%      
Power  .3%   1%      
Use Knowledge / Experience      20%   11%

 
 While independence, achievement and job satisfaction (in total) are comparable between the Irish and Hungarian samples, there is a pronounced manifestation of the Hungarian entrepreneur?s reaction to the country's economic turmoil.  Economic necessity, a negative, push, motivation is the principle influence. In the U.S., primary motivators are market need (37%), autonomy and independence (24%), more money (9%), use of knowledge and experience (11%),  enjoyment through self-employment (8%), show that I could do it (2%), and misc. other (9%).  These comparisons characterize  Hungarian entrepreneurs as being motivated by a search for economic stability and personal achievement, while the Irish by a combination of independence and achievement, and the U.S. entrepreneurs a combination of opportunism and independence.

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