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FRONTIERS FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP RESEARCH 1999


TABLE OF CONTENTS

SUMMARY TABLE OF CONTENTS

NATIONAL FEDERATION FOR INDEPENDENT BUSINESS AWARD WINNING PAPER ON THE GENERAL TOPIC

KAUFFMAN CENTER FOR ENTREPRENEURIAL LEADERSHIP AWARD WINNING PAPER ON THE SPECIAL TOPIC: GLOBALMARKETS AND HIGH GROWTH FIRMS

TAYLOR AND FRANCIS PUBLISHERS AWARD WINNING PAPER ON VENTURE CAPITAL


I. ENTREPRENEURIAL PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS: SELECTED TOPICS

II. ENTREPRENEURIAL PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS: MOTIVATION, INTENTIONS

III. ENTREPRENEURIAL PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS: DECISION-MAKING

IV. ENTREPRENEURIAL PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS: GENDER

V. ENTREPRENEURIAL SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS: SOCIAL NETWORKS

VI. ENTREPRENEURIAL SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS: ETHNICITY

VII. CONTEXTUAL EFFECTS ON NEW FIRMS: GEOGRAPHIC VARIATIONS

VIII. CONTEXTUAL EFFECTS ON NEW FIRMS: GOVERNMENT, LEGAL VARIATIONS

IX. CONTEXTUAL EFFECTS ON NEW FIRMS: TRANSITION ECONOMIES

X. CREATIVE BUSINESS IDEAS: OPPORTUNITY RECOGNITION, DEVELOPMENT

XI. CREATIVE BUSINESS IDEAS: INNOVATION

XII. CREATIVE BUSINESS IDEAS: TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

XIII. NEW FIRM FINANCING: EQUITY—SEARCH FOR FUNDS

XIV. NEW FIRM FINANCING: EQUITY—ANGELS, PRIVATE SOURCES

XV. NEW FIRM FINANCING: EQUITY—ENTREPRENEUR-INVESTOR-SPONSOR RELATIONSHIPS

XVI. NEW FIRM FINANCING: DEBT—BANKS, FINANCIAL STRUCTURE

XVII. NEW FIRM FINANCING: EQUITY—INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERINGS MARKET PERFORMANCE

XVIII. VENTURE CAPITAL FIRMS: LONG-TERM IMPACT ON NEW FIRMS

XIX. VENTURE CAPITAL FIRMS: ASSESSING INVESTMENT SUCCESS

XX. VENTURE CAPITAL FIRMS: INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT

XXI. VENTURE CAPITAL FIRMS: DECISION-MAKING

XXII. FIRMS AND STRATEGY: GENERAL ISSUES

XXIII. FIRMS AND STRATEGY: INTERNATIONALIZATION

XXIV. FIRMS AND STRATEGY: STRATEGIC ALLIANCES

XXV. FIRMS AND STRATEGY: FRANCHISING

XXVI. FIRMS AND STRATEGY: ISSUES IN FAMILY OWNED FIRMS

XXVII. NEW FIRMS: MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE, PROCESS AND PERFORMANCE

XXVIII. NEW FIRMS: HIGH-TECHNOLOGY ISSUES

XXIX. NEW FIRMS: ORGANIZATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS

XXX. NEW FIRMS: HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

XXXI. NEW FIRMS: SURVIVAL AND GROWTH—LONGITUDINAL RESEARCH AND ISSUES

XXXII. NEW FIRMS: GROWTH—TRANSITIONS AND MOMENTUM

XXXIII. CORPORATE ENTREPRENEURSHIP: STRATEGIC RE-ORIENTATION

XXXIV. CORPORATE ENTREPRENEURSHIP: NEW VENTURE CREATION AND MANAGEMENT

XXXV. SOCIETAL CONTRIBUTIONS OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP

XXXVI. EDUCATION, TRAINING AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP

XXXVII. ENTREPRENEURIAL RESEARCH: METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES


DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

NATIONAL FEDERATION FOR INDEPENDENT BUSINESS (NFIB) AWARD WINNING PAPER ON THE GENERAL TOPIC

The Trouble with Gurus: Responses to Dependence and the Emergence of Employment Practices in Entrepreneurial Firms
Ted Baker and Howard E. Aldrich

KAUFFMAN CENTER FOR ENTREPRENEURIAL LEADERSHIP AWARD WINNING PAPER ON THE SPECIAL TOPIC, GLOBAL MARKET AND HIGH GROWTH

International Diversity by Entrepreneurial Firms: Cooperative Relationships, Core Competencies and Performance
Kendall W. Arrz, R. Duane Ireland, and Michael A. Hitt

TAYLOR & FRANCIS PUBLISHERS AWARD WINNING PAPER ON VENTURE CAPITAL

A Comparison of Business Angel and Venture Capitalist Investment Procedures: An Agency Theory-Based Analysis
Mark van Osnabrugge

I. ENTREPRENEURIAL PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS: SELECTED TOPICS

The Role of Social Skills in Entrepreneurs’ Success: Evidence from Videotapes of Entrepreneurs’ Presentations
Robert A. Baron and Candida G. Brush

When the Going Gets Tough . . . Toward a Psychology of Entrepreneurial Failure and Re-Motivation
Melissa S. Cardon and Rita Gunther McGrath

Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy: The Development of a Measure and Its Relationship to Entrepreneurial Action
Alex F. De Noble, Dong Jung, and Sanford B. Ehrlich

Summaries

Five Factor Theory of Personality: A New & Useful Lens to Explore Entrepreneurial Action or Another Useless Dead-End?
John H. Eggers

Antecedents to Entrepreneurship: Beliefs, Attitudes and Background
Phillip H. Phan, Chee Leong Chong, Clement Wang, and Poh Kam Wong

II. ENTREPRENEURIAL PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS: MOTIVATION, INTENTIONS

Firm Size Expectations of Nascent Entrepreneurs
Frédéric Delmar and Per Davidsson

Motivation Structure and Entrepreneurial Intentions
Jukka Vesalainen and Timo Pihkala

Summaries

Entreprenuerial Narratives and the Dominant Logics of High Growth Firms
Yuri Mishina, Timothy Pollock, Joseph Porac, and S. Michael Camp

The Relationship Between Entrepreneurial Motivation and Satisfaction: An Empirical Study
Mika Tuunanen

Entrepreneurial Goal Orientations: A Comparative Exploration of U.S. and Russian Entrepreneurs
Wayne Stewart, JoAnn Carland, James Carland, and Warren Watson

III. ENTREPRENEURIAL PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS: DECISION-MAKING

Cognitive Mechanisms: Potential Differences Between Entrepreneurs and Non-Entrepreneurs
Robert A. Baron and Gideon D. Markman

The Creative Entrepreneur: A Study of the Entrepreneur’s Creative Processes
Robert Beattie

Entrepreneurship as a Career Choice: Attitudes, Entrepreneurial Intentions, and Utility Maximization
Evan J. Douglas

Summary

Studying Entrepreneurial Decision Making Using Think Aloud Verbal Protocols
Saras D. Sarasvathy

IV. ENTREPRENEURIAL PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS: GENDER

Exploration of the Venture Capital Industry: Is Gender an Issue?
Patricia G. Greene, Candida G. Brush, Myra M. Hart, and Patrick Saparito

Summaries

Exporting Behavior: The Case of Women Business Owners
Deborah Cain Good and Barbara K. Mistick

Perceptions of Business Growth by Women Entrepreneurs
Dominic G. Kamau, Gary N. McLean, and Alexander Ardishvili

The Growth Pattern of Women Run Enterprises: An Empirical Study in India
Reshmi Mitra

Poster Summary

Women Business Owners and Their Value Systems: A Comparative Analysis
Deborah Cain Good and Barbara K. Mistick

V. ENTREPRENEURIAL SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS: SOCIAL NETWORKS

The Impact of Personal Network Characteristics on Perceived Environmental Uncertainty: An Examination of Owners / Managers of New High Technology Firms
Olukemi O. Sawyerr and Jeffrey E. McGee

Summaries

Internal and External Network Persistence: Differentiating Network Demise from Network Failure
Sherrie E. Human, Charles H. Matthews, Keith G. Provan, and K. Scott Guy

Entrepreneurship in a Life Course Perspective
Lene Foss

Entrepreneurial Networks—A Cross-Country Comparison
Paul Friga, Hugh O’Neill, and Thomas Bateman

Railbirds, Scouts, and Independent Book Sellers: The Role of Social Networks in New Business Creation
Marc Weinstein

Poster Summary

Learning NetworksA Metaphor for Inter-Organizational Development Joakim Tell

VI. ENTREPRENEURIAL SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS: ETHNICITY

Summaries

The Impact of Ethnicity on Entrepreneurial Family Businesses: Do Strategic Management Concepts Assist an Understanding?
Ajay Bhalla

How Different Are Ethnic Entrepreneurs? A Study of Involvement in Ethnic Community, and Personal and Business Characteristics?
Radha Chaganti and Patricia G. Greene

Entrepreneurial Behavior of Freed Slaves: Post Civil War Southern States
Craig S. Galbraith and Curt Stiles

VII. CONTEXTUAL EFFECTS ON NEW FIRMS: GEOGRAPHIC VARIATIONS

Summaries

The Production of Prestige: An Entrepreneurial Viagra
Alistair R. Anderson and Sarah L. Jack

Determining the Incremental Impact of Legitimizing Tactics on Home-Based Businesses Located in Rural Areas
Dale A. Henderson

The Spatial Distribution of Entrepreneurial Activity: The Case of Rural Italy
Maria Minniti

VIII. CONTEXTUAL EFFECTS ON NEW FIRMS: GOVERNMENT, LEGAL VARIATIONS

Summaries

The Process of Enterprise Creation: A Look into the “Black Box” of Entrepreneurship Evaluation. Evidences from the European “Best Practices”
Andrea Rea, Giulio Maggiore, and Ivo Allegro

Enabling Entrepreneurship: The Role of Personal and Corporate Bankruptcy Legislations in Europe, USA and Japan
Bernard Surlemont, Benoît Leleux, and Sabine Denis

IX. CONTEXTUAL EFFECTS ON NEW FIRMS: TRANSITION ECONOMIES

Summaries

The Role of Intrapreneurship in Transition Economies: Insights from a Comparative Study
Bostjan Antoncic and Robert D. Hisrich

Living in Their Shoes: A United States-Based Look at the Managerial Processes in Locally Owned, Eastern European Entrepreneurial Organizations
Amy L. Kenworthy and William J. Bigoness

X. CREATIVE BUSINESS IDEAS: OPPORTUNITY RECOGNITION, DEVELOPMENT

Opportunity Recognition as a Creative Process
Gerald E. Hills, Rodney C. Shrader, and G. T. Lumpkin

Opportunity Recognition Through Social Network Characteristics of Entrepreneurs
Robert P. Singh, Gerald E. Hills, Ralph C. Hybels, and G. T. Lumpkin

Opportunity KnocksOr Does It Hide? An Examination of the Role of Opportunity
Recognition in Entrepreneurship

Charlene Zietsma

Summaries

Entrepreneurial Discovery and the Global Economy
Zoltan J. Acs and Bernard Yeung

Opportunity Formation from a Socio-Cognitive Perspective
Alice J. de Koning

Opportunity Emergence: The Evolution of Strategic Vision
Norris Krueger, Jr.

Distinguishing Characteristics of Opportunity Recognition: An Empirical Examination of CEOs in Family and Non Family Enterprises
Claudio Romano, George Tanewski, and Kosmas Smyrnios

Perceiving Opportunity “Through a Fog of Uncertainty”: Haworth, Inc. (1948–1976)
William R. Sandberg and Thomas J. Hench

Poster Summaries

Opportunity Recognition and Revenue Generation in Electronic Commerce: Perspectives of Regulators and Trade Negotiators
Alan L. Carsrud

Identifying Growth Opportunities: Testing a Personal ‘Entrepreneurial Orientation’
Norris Krueger, Jr.

XI. CREATIVE BUSINESS IDEAS: INNOVATION

Summaries

Innovation and Growth in Manufacturing SMEs
Mark S. Freel

Sustaining Innovation in the New Firm: The Role of Technology Portfolios and Alliance Formation
Donna Kelley and Mark P. Rice

Evaluation of Innovation Centres in Germany
Christine Tamásy266

Exogenous Disruptive Technologies: From Invention to Market
Steven T. Walsh and Bruce A. Kirchhoff

XII. CREATIVE BUSINESS IDEAS: TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

Summaries

Leadership Practices Common to Entrepreneurs in Technology Transfer Start-Ups
Thomas J. Boyle

The Impact of a Research University in Silicon Valley: Entrepreneurship of Alumni and Faculty
Thomas Byers, Robert Keeley, Anthony Leone, and George Parker

Creating an International High Technology Incubator: The Case of the UCLA Venture Development Program
Alan L. Carsrud, Elwin Svenson, and Lloyd Gilbert

Geographic Proximity: A Stimulus for Greater Knowledge Transfer and Technological Outcomes in Industry-University Relationships
Joseph E. Coombs and Michael Santoro

Entrepreneurship: A Better Opportunity for University Technology Transfer
Dennis R. Trune and Lewis N. Goslin

Poster Summary

US University Based Entrepreneurial Firm Development: Faculty Research Commercialization Programs
Robert G. Schwartz, Richard D. Teach, and C. Michael Cassidy

XIII. NEW FIRM FINANCING: EQUITYSEARCH FOR FUNDS

Days of Reckoning: New Equity Markets and Added Volatility
Daniel Muzyka, Benoît Leleux, and Christopher Zott

How Early Stage Entrepreneurs Evaluate Venture Capitalists
D. Gordon Smith

Summaries

The Global Search for Equity: The Shaping of Entrepreneurial Behavior
Teresa Nelson and Dara Szyliowicz

A Comparison of Companies Seeking Venture Capital Over the Internet in the USA, UK and Germany
Isabella Nittka

XIV. NEW FIRM FINANCING: EQUITYANGELS, PRIVATE SOURCES

The Syndication of Venture Capital Investment
Andy Lockett and Mike Wright

The Informal Venture Capital Market in NorwayInvestor Characteristics, Behavior and Preferences
Björnar Reitan and Roger Sörheim

Summaries

The Interface Between Business Angels and Venture Capitalists in Scottish Technology-Based Companies
Nicola Campbell

The Formation and Organization of Mega-Angel Syndicates
William M. Mayfield and William D. Bygrave

XV. NEW FIRM FINANCING: EQUITYENTREPRENEUR-INVESTOR-SPONSOR RELATIONSHIPS

CEO vs Board Typologies in Venture Capital-Entrepreneur Relationships
Řystein Fredriksen and Magnus Klofsten

Summaries

Do ‘External’ Directors and / or Mentors Add Value?
David Deakins, Patrick Mileham, and Eileen O’Neill

When Can Conflict Be Constructive and / or Harmful Between the Venture Capitalist and Entrepreneurial Team in the UK?
Hiro Higashide and Sue Birley

A Behavioral View of Partnership Formation in Investor-Entrepreneur Dyads
Harry J. Sapienza, M. Audrey Korsgaard, Rob Folger, Chris Sagrera, and Clement Zhang

The Affect of “Anchoring and Adjustment” on Entrepreneur-Investor Negotiations
Dean A. Shepherd and Andrew L. Zacharakis

Why New Venture Stakeholders Perceive Newness as Liability: A Verbal Protocol Analysis
Young-Rok Choi and Terri Standish-Kuon

XVI. NEW FIRM FINANCING: DEBTBANKS, FINANCIAL STRUCTURE

Small Firms’ Use of Financial Leverage: Evidence from the 1993 National Survey of Small Business Finances
Susan Coleman and Richard Cohn

Entrepreneur / Banker Interaction in Young Growing Firms: A Large Scale International Study
Julian Lange, Jan P. Warhuus, and Jonathan Levie

XVII. NEW FIRM FINANCING: EQUITYINITIAL PUBLIC OFFERINGS MARKET PERFORMANCE

Underpricing and the Long Run Financial Performance of IPOs: Information Asymmetry and Firm Inventive Capability
Michael B. Heeley, Ajay Khorana, and Sharon F. Matusik

Stock Price Performance of Internet Firms: Identification of Key Drivers
Kathleen Seiders and Elizabeth G. Riley

Summary

The Performance of Initial Public Offerings in the Software Industry
Todd A. Finkle

XVIII. VENTURE CAPITAL FIRMS: LONG-TERM IMPACT ON NEW FIRMS

Venture Capital Firm Resources and Their Long-Term Effect on Venture Disposition
Lowell W. Busenitz and James O. Fiet

Post-Investment Evolution of Belgian Venture Capital Backed Companies: An Empirical Study
Sophie Manigart and Wim Van Hyfte

XIX: VENTURE CAPITAL FIRMS: ASSESSING INVESTMENT SUCCESS

Venture Capital High-Tech Investments: Can We Differentiate The Best from the Worst?
William D. Bygrave, Gregory Johnstone, Michael Matchett, and James Roedel

A Longitudinal Study of Portfolio Investment Strategies in the Finnish Venture Capital Industry
Dirk De Clercq, Mikko Kumpulainen, Manu Mäkelä, and Philip Goulet

The Rates of Return from Informal Venture Capital Investments: Some UK Evidence
Colin M. Mason and Richard T. Harrison

XX. VENTURE CAPITAL FIRMS: INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT

Summaries

Japanese Venture Capital: An Industry in Transition
Masaki Kuroki, Mark P. Rice, and Pier A. Abetti

Community Development Venture Capital: Balancing Financial and Social Objectives
Julia S. Rubin

XXI. VENTURE CAPITAL FIRMS: DECISION-MAKING

Summaries

“Deal-Makers”: A Reputation That Attracts Quality
Peter Kelly and Michael Hay

Entrepreneur’s Experience and Likely Venture Success: An Investigation of VCs’ Contingent Decision Policies
Andrew  L. Zacharakis and Dean A. Shepherd

XXII. FIRMS AND STRATEGY: GENERAL ISSUES

Human Resource Slack and Venture Growth: An Exploratory Analysis of Growing Employees at a Faster Rate Than Sales
Theresa M. Welbourne, Heidi M. Neck, and G. Dale Meyer

Summaries

The Use of Technology as a Competitive Strategy in High Growth, Entrepreneurial Companies
Kathleen R. Allen and Dennis P. Slevin

A Longitudinal Analysis of the Relationship Between Planning and Performance in Australian Small Firms
Brian Gibson and Gavin Cassar

The Resource Based View: Strategys Contribution to Entrepreneurship
Bill Norton

Poster Summary

Networking with Stakeholders as a Survival Strategy for Entrepreneurial Firms
Daniel W. Greening and Bruce R. Barringer

XXIII. FIRMS AND STRATEGY: INTERNATIONALIZATION

Summaries

Enacting Globalisation and Mapping Growth in Small Entrepreneurial Firms
Denise Fletcher and Shailendra Vyakarnam

Factors Affecting the Globalisation Tendencies of British Entrepreneurs: A Critical Overview
Harry Matlay

International Market Selection by New and Small Firms
Paul Westhead, Mike Wright, and Deniz Ucbasaran

Poster Summary

International Involvement, Organizational Change and Market Performance: A Longitudinal Analysis of New Ventures
Joseph E. Coombs

XXIV. FIRMS AND STRATEGY: STRATEGIC ALLIANCES

Summaries

Entrepreneurship and the Technological Strategic Alliance Between Competitors: Transaction Cost Economics and Common Knowledge as Core Competencies (An Empirical Analysis)
Boualem Aliouat and Olivier Masclef

Technology Based Strategic Alliances: Are They Good for Entrepreneurial Firms?
Sharon A. Alvarez and G. Dale Meyer

XXV. FIRMS AND STRATEGY: FRANCHISING

Summaries

Growth Strategies for Small Firms: The Case of Franchising
David Kirby and Anna Watson

An Empirically Supported Transaction-Cost Perspective of the Tolerance Zone in Franchising
Steve Spinelli and Sue Birley

XXVI. FIRMS AND STRATEGY: ISSUES IN FAMILY OWNED FIRMS

Summaries

The Organizational Consequences of Altruism in Family Firms: Theory and Evidence
William S. Schulze, Michael Lubatkin, Richard Dino

Reconceptualizing Business Performance Theory Within the Family Business Context: Helping High Growth Firms Remain Competitive in Global Markets
Ramona K. Z. Heck and Kathryn Stafford

XXVII. NEW FIRMS: MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE, PROCESS AND PERFORMANCE

Entrepreneurial Team Heterogeneity and the Moderating Effects of Environmental Volatility and Team Tenure on New Venture Performance
Michael D. Ensley and Allen C. Amason

Effects of External Contacts and Internal Make-Up on Entrepreneurial Team Performance
Maw-Der Foo, Deborah Ancona, and Jean Jacques Degroof

Summaries

Managerial Practices and Core competencies of Entrepreneurs: A Contingency Framework of Performance
Boualem Aliouat, Caty Camion, and Yvon Gasse

Organizational Rejuvenation: The Relationship Between Self-Managed Teams: Creativity and Performance
Terry C. Blum, Lucy L. Gilson, and Christina E. Shalley

Management Buy-Outs and Entrepreneurial Orientation: Evidence from Dutch Case Studies
Hans Bruining and Remco Berrevoets

High Growth Firms in the Software Industry: Comparing Ireland with America Through Structure, Strategy, and Entrepreneurial Teams
Thomas M. Cooney and Aidan O’Driscoll

Entrepreneurial Top Management Team Demography, Team Process and Organizational Performance: Five Models on the Impacts of Management Team on Organizational Performance
Jari Handelberg and Shailendra Vyakarnam

The Influence of the Founding Entrepreneurial Team on the Performance of Rapidly Growing New Ventures
Elisabeth J. Teal and Charles W. Hofer

Poster Summaries

Entrepreneurs and Managers Visions of Success in Small Firms: A Comparative Analysis
Corinne Morel d’Arleux

Legitimacy and the Growth of New Ventures: The Legitimacy of the Top Management Team and Its Influence Upon the Growth of New Ventures
Monica A. Zimmerman and Stephen K. Callaway

XXVIII. NEW FIRMS: HIGH-TECHNOLOGY ISSUES

A Genealogy and Taxonomy of High-Technology New Venture Creation within an Entrepreneurial System
Heidi M. Neck, Boyd D. Cohen, and Andrew C. Corbett

New Technology-Based Firms in the Evolution of a Technological Field—The Case of Biomaterials
Annika Rickne

Informal Communication, Formal Collaboration, and the Growth of Research-Intensive Entrepreneurial Firms in the Biotechnology Industry
Kelvin W. Willoughby

National Federation of Independent Business Paper of Distinction
Social Capital, Relational Learning, and Knowledge Distinctiveness in Technology-Based New Firms

Helena Yli-Renko, Erkko Autio, Harry J. Sapienza, and Michael Hay

Poster Summary

New Product Performance in Small Technology Firms: The Role of Product, Process, Entrepreneurial, Environmental and Organizational Characteristics
B. Elango and Susan M. Houghton

XXIX. NEW FIRMS: ORGANIZATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS

Summaries

Organizational Culture: How It Forms and Evolves in Entrepreneurial Companies
Robert Keeley, Robert Knapp, James Rothe, and Sandra Keeley

Coping with the “Liability of Newness”: Profiles of the Managerial and Structural Characteristic of New Ventures
Colm O’Gorman

XXX. NEW FIRMS: HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

Summary

Human Resources in Initial Public Offering Firms: Do Venture Capitalists Make a Difference?
Linda A. Cyr, Diane E. Johnson, and Theresa M. Welbourne

XXXI. NEW FIRMS: SURVIVAL AND GROWTHLONGITUDINAL RESEARCH AND ISSUES

A Longitudinal Model of Growth for the Inc. 500 Firms
Moren Lévesque and Kenneth R. MacCrimmon

The Sustainability of the Entrepreneurial Orientation-Performance Relationship
Johan Wiklund

Summaries

Is Growth Profitable? A Study of Inc. 500 Fast Growth Companies
William B. Gartner and Gideon D. Markman

A Dynamic Model for Operationalizing Stage Transitions in New and Small Organizations
Benyamin M. Bergmann Lichtenstein

Entrepreneurial Persistence: A 3-Year Longitudinal Study
Nancy Yanchus, Kelly G. Shaver, Elizabeth J. Gatewood, and William B. Gartner

Poster Summary

Determinants of Economic Performance of Small Firms: A Statistical Analysis of Industry and Resources Effects in the Computer Industry
Grégory Denglos

XXXII. NEW FIRMS: GROWTHTRANSITIONS AND MOMENTUM

Breaking the Entrepreneurial Growth Barrier: The Role of Venture Capital and Acquisitions for the Emergence of Medium-Sized Technology-Intensive Firms
Rögnvaldur J. Saemundsson and Ĺsa Lindholm Dahlstrand

Summaries

Achieving and Maintaining Rapid-Growth: How Rapid-Growth Firms Lessen the Managerial Capacity Problem
Bruce R. Barringer and Donald O. Neubaum

Engines of Entrepreneurial Growth and Performance: The System Dyanamics of Transformative Change in New and Small Ventures
Benyamin M. Bergmann Lichtenstein and Peter Stroh

Poster Summaries

High-Tech Entrepreneurial TeamsManaging the Challenges of Growth
Anne Flynn and Briga Hynes

Generating Strategies for Firm Growth: A Learning Goal Model
Terry W. Noel

XXXIII. CORPORATE ENTREPRENEURSHIP: STRATEGIC RE-ORIENTATION

Summaries

Strategic Investing in Schumpeterian Environments: The Case of Enron
Karen L. Belanger

Understanding Factors That Trigger Entrepreneurial Behavior in Established Companies: Cross-Cultural Perspectives
Michael H. Morris, John W. Altman, and Shaker Zahra

Creating Value Through Internationalization: The Case of the APP Group
Miroslav Pivoda, Eduard Mika, and Frank Hoy

Entrepreneurship Systems, Cooperation and Corporate Entrepreneurship: Evidence from Dutch Firms
Aart Willem Saly

Poster Summary

A Corporate Entrepreneurship Program: Case Study Part II
Newell Gough

XXXIV. CORPORATE ENTREPRENEURSHIP: NEW VENTURE CREATION AND MANAGEMENT

Corporate Start-Up Funding: Are the Criteria Different for Projects Obtaining More Than One Million Dollars?
Peter A. Koen

The Implications of Parent Firm Ownership for Competence Development in Divested New Ventures
Annaleena Parhankangas, Pia Arenius, and Tomi Laamanen

Summaries

Knowledge Relatedness, Learning, and Growth of Young Industrial Spin-Off Firms
Erkko Autio and Annaleena Parhankangas

Solving the Global-Entrepreneurial Paradox: Exploring Highly Autonomous Entrepreneurial Units Within Large Multinational Organizations
Steven H. Hanks and Douglas W. Lyon

Corporate Entrepreneurship Through Strategic Entrepreneurial Units (SEUs)
Joel M. Shulman, U. Srinivasa Rangan, and Frank S. Streeter

Potential and Evaluation Criteria for Intrapreneurial Projects: Seeking a Basis for Measuring Effects of Public Support
Jon Erik Svendsen and Niels Jřrgen Andersen

XXXV. SOCIETAL CONTRIBUTIONS OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Summaries

High Growth Firms, Internationalisation and Job Creation in Sweden
Svante Andersson

High Growth SMEs and Regional Prosperity: Evidence from the North East of England
Pooran Wynarczyk

XXXVI. EDUCATION, TRAINING AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Summaries

Exploratory Study to Assess the Effects of Entrepreneurship Programs on Student Entrepreneurial Behaviors
Alain Fayolle and Isabel Servais

Short-Term Results Evaluation of a Competence-Based-Training for EntrepreneursEMPRETEC Program
Rose Mary Almeida Lopes

The Impact of Exporting a U.S.-Based Entrepreneurial Development Model on South Australias High-Growth Firms
Courtney Price and Gregory Loudoun

Poster Summary

Entrepreneurs Do It for Free! Beginning to Understand the Contributions of Entrepreneurs to the Teaching of Entrepreneurship in Scotland
Sarah Williams and Andrew Turnbull

XXXVII. ENTREPRENEURIAL RESEARCH: METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES

Summaries

Predicting Financial Performance in Firm Growth: Problems Associated with and Recommendations for Using Large Databases
S. Michael Camp, Boris Nenide, Robert W. Pricer, and Donald Sexton

Cross-National Comparisons of Entrepreneurial Sector Experts: A Five-Country Methodological Test
Jonathan Levie, Yoash Avrahami, Pia Arenius, Claus Otten, and Isabel Servais

An Investigation into the Volume and Impact of Business Acquisition Activity in the United States: 1990–1994
Alicia Robb and Catherine Armington

Accounting for Intangibles, Earnings Variability, Analysts’ Forecasts and Entrepreneurship Evidence from the Software Industry
Charles Shi


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